Is philodendron toxic for parrots?

As responsible pet owners, it’s crucial to ensure the safety and well-being of our feathered friends. Birds, such as parrots, are curious creatures and may encounter plants within their environment. If you find yourself in a situation where your parrot has consumed a split-leaf philodendron or any other plant, it’s important to understand the potential risks and take appropriate action. One common concern is whether philodendron plants are toxic to parrots. In this article, we will explore the potential toxicity of philodendrons to parrots, understand the risks involved, and provide guidance on keeping our avian pets safe.

Table of Contents

    Should Pet Birds Be Allowed to Eat Plants?

    While birds in the wild may consume a variety of plants as part of their natural diet, it’s important to exercise caution when it comes to indoor or outdoor plants within a controlled environment. Many common household plants can be toxic to birds, posing a risk to their health and well-being. Therefore, it is generally recommended to prevent pet birds from accessing plants unless they are confirmed safe and non-toxic.

    Toxic plants for parrots

    Several plants are known to be toxic to birds. Some common examples include:

    Philodendron: All philodendrons are toxic to birds because this plant contains insoluble calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause kidney damage if ingested by birds.

    Dieffenbachia: This plant contains calcium oxalate crystals and can cause oral irritation, swelling, and difficulty breathing.

    Pothos (Epipremnum aureum): Pothos plants contain insoluble calcium oxalate crystals, which can result in oral irritation, drooling, and gastrointestinal upset in birds.

    Sago Palm (Cycas revoluta): All parts of this palm plant are highly toxic to birds and can lead to severe liver failure if ingested.

    It’s essential to research and identify any plants in your bird’s environment to ensure they are safe and non-toxic. Consulting with avian veterinarians or reputable sources can provide valuable information about plant safety for your pet bird.

    Philodendrons and Parrots

    Philodendrons are popular ornamental plants, cherished for their attractive foliage and ability to thrive indoors. These plants belong to the Araceae family and come in various species, including the split-leaf philodendron (Monstera deliciosa) and heartleaf philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum). While philodendrons are prized for their beauty, it is essential to recognize that they contain substances that can be toxic to pets, including parrots.

    Are Philodendrons toxic to Parrots?

    Yes, philodendrons are indeed toxic to parrots. The main concern lies in the presence of insoluble calcium oxalate crystals within the plant’s tissues. When parrots come into contact with or ingest philodendron leaves or stems, these crystals can cause a range of health issues. Calcium oxalate crystals can result in irritation and inflammation of the mouth, throat, and digestive system, leading to discomfort and potential complications.

    One question was asked to a Bird Veterinary on a foram that its parrot has ingested split leaf philodendron, he seems fine but what should I do? Dr Pat, the Bird expert advised her to make sure if he had only shareded the leaves or ingested? Watch out for its dopping, especially the liquid part and white area,if parrot is having diarrhea after 24 hours. keep an eye on it and take it to the vet if it seems toxic by philodendron.

    Dr. Pat

    Symptoms of Philodendron Toxicity in Parrots:

    If a parrot has been exposed to or ingested philodendron, several symptoms may indicate potential toxicity. These can include:

    Oral Irritation: Parrots may exhibit signs of discomfort, such as drooling, excessive scratching at the mouth, or rubbing their beak on surfaces.

    Respiratory Distress: In some cases, exposure to philodendron can cause respiratory difficulties, including wheezing or difficulty breathing.

    Gastrointestinal Disturbances: Parrots may experience vomiting, diarrhea, or changes in their droppings, such as increased water content or discolouration.

    Behavioural Changes: Lethargy, loss of appetite, or increased aggression could be potential indicators of philodendron toxicity in parrots.

    Create a safe environment and take the necessary precautions

    As parrot owners, it is crucial to create a safe environment and take necessary precautions to prevent exposure to toxic plants like philodendrons. Here are some guidelines to follow:

    Restrict Access: Keep philodendron plants out of reach from your parrot’s enclosure or any area they have access to. This includes hanging plants, as parrots are known for their climbing and exploring behaviours.

    Learn and Identify: Familiarize yourself with the appearance of philodendron plants to ensure they are not mistakenly introduced into your parrot’s environment.

    Prompt Veterinary Care: If you suspect that your parrot has come into contact with or ingested philodendron, it is crucial to seek immediate veterinary care. Professional guidance will help determine the extent of toxicity and provide appropriate treatment.

    Immediate Steps to Take after poisoning

    If you suspect that your parrot has ingested a harmful plant, particularly if it is a toxic species like split-leaf philodendron, it’s essential to take immediate action. Follow these steps:

    Assess the Situation: Determine if your parrot actually consumed any part of the plant or simply shredded it. If your bird has ingested plant material, proceed with caution.

    Watch for Symptoms: Keep a close eye on your parrot for any changes in behaviour, droppings, vomiting, or diarrhea. These could be indicators of plant toxicity.

    Check the Mouth: Although it may be challenging, try to examine your parrot’s mouth for any signs of irritation, swelling, or unusual discharge. However, exercise caution to avoid stressing or injuring your bird during the process.

    Save Samples: Place white paper towels beneath the cage or in the area where your parrot spends time monitoring droppings and check for any vomit. Saving these samples can provide valuable information for your avian veterinarian.

    Contact a Veterinarian: It’s crucial to contact an avian veterinarian promptly, even if your parrot is not showing immediate signs of distress. Inform them about the situation and any observed symptoms, and follow their guidance for further evaluation or treatment.

    Understanding Digestion Rates and Renal Damage:

    The digestion rate for birds is typically around 15 minutes for transit time, meaning most of the consumed material should pass through their system relatively quickly. However, if your parrot ingested a toxic plant, such as split-leaf philodendron, there is a risk of renal (kidney) damage caused by oxalate poisoning. It’s important to note that renal damage may take more than 24 hours to manifest. Therefore, close monitoring of your bird’s droppings and overall condition is crucial during this time.


    In conclusion, philodendrons are toxic to parrots due to the presence of insoluble calcium oxalate crystals. Parrots exposed to philodendron may experience oral irritation, respiratory distress, gastrointestinal disturbances, and behavioural changes. As responsible parrot owners, we should take proactive measures to prevent access to philodendron plants and ensure prompt veterinary care if exposure occurs. By prioritizing the safety of our avian companions and being vigilant about potential hazards, we can create a healthy and secure environment for our parrots to thrive in.


    Is Philodendron toxic for parrots?

    Yes, Philodendrons are toxic to parrots. Philodendrons contain calcium oxalate crystals, which can irritate the gastrointestinal tract and cause severe pain and discomfort to the parrot’s mouth, throat, and digestive system.

    Can parrots safely consume Philodendron leaves?

    No, parrots should not consume Philodendron leaves. As mentioned earlier, Philodendrons contain calcium oxalate crystals that can cause extreme discomfort and pain to parrots’ mouth, throat, and digestive system.

    What are the risks of Philodendron toxicity in parrots?

    Philodendron toxicity in parrots can lead to symptoms such as drooling, vomiting, or regurgitation, difficulty breathing, abdominal pain, and swelling, and in severe cases, it can also cause kidney failure and even death.

    What are the symptoms of Philodendron toxicity in parrots?

    The symptoms of Philodendron toxicity in parrots can vary depending upon the size of the bird, the amount of Philodendron ingested, and the severity of toxicity. Some common signs of Philodendron toxicity in parrots include:

    • Drooling
    • Vomiting or regurgitation
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Abdominal pain and swelling
    • Reduced appetite
    • Weakness or lethargy
    • Hypersalivation
    • Inability to perch
    • Kidney failure or even death in severe cases

    How much Philodendron can be toxic for a parrot?

    The extent of toxicity depends on the individual parrot and the amount of Philodendron ingested. Even a small amount of Philodendron can cause significant harm to the parrot’s health.

    What should I do if my parrot eats Philodendron?

    If your parrot chews or eats Philodendron leaves, act quickly, and contact your veterinarian immediately. Delay in seeking medical attention can lead to severe medical complications. Provide your veterinarian with complete information about the amount of Philodendron ingested by your parrot and any symptoms that they may be experiencing.

    How can I prevent my parrot from consuming Philodendron?

    Here are some steps that you can take to prevent your parrot from consuming Philodendron:

    • Do not keep Philodendron plants in your home if you have a parrot.
    • If you must have Philodendron plants, make sure they are kept out of reach of your parrot.
    • Educate your family members and guests about the dangers of Philodendron toxicity in parrots.
    • Provide your parrot with a safe and healthy diet and plenty of toys to keep them occupied.

    Are there any safe alternatives to Philodendron for parrot owners?

    Yes, there are many plants that are safe for parrots to consume, such as sunflowers, daisies, and bottlebrushes. Always make sure to check with your veterinarian before introducing any new plants to your parrot’s diet.

    Are all Philodendron species toxic to parrots?

    Yes, all Philodendron species are toxic to parrots and should be avoided.

    Can Philodendron toxicity be fatal for parrots?

    Yes, Philodendron toxicity can be fatal for parrots if not treated promptly. It is essential to seek veterinary medical attention immediately if you suspect your parrot has ingested Philodendron leaves.

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