Philodendron Brasil Care Guide

One indoor plant that has been gaining popularity in recent years is the philodendron Brasil. This cultivator of the heartleaf philodendron is known for its striking variegated leaves that resemble the Brazilian flag. However, it’s important to note that philodendron Brasil plants are mildly toxic to both pets and humans, so it’s important to be aware of this before adding it to your indoor garden.

Table of content
    Scientific NamePhilodendron hederaceum ‘Brasil’
    Common Namevariegated heart leaf philodendron,Philodendron Brasil
    Heightheight of 100 up to 120 cm
    SoilWell drain soil
    WaterWhen the soil dries deep two inches
    SunlightDiffused bright light
    Temperature65-85°F (18-29°C)
    Humidity0 to 80%
    Toxic to Cats & DogsYes
    Hardiness zoneUSDA Zones 11a-12b
    PestsAphids, mealybugs, scale, spider mites
    DiseasesRoot rot

    How to care for Philodendron Brasil

    This stunning vine plant is indigenous to the lush rainforests of South America. Surprisingly, it requires minimal attention and can be cultivated indoors with ease.

    To ensure its thriving growth, provide it with ample sunshine, periodic watering, and well-drained environments. The Brasil Philodendron’s emphasis is mostly on its brilliant, eye-catching foliage. It blooms infrequently when grown indoors. Congratulations if you see your plant sprouting a green and white spathe. your Brasil is in full bloom!

    Aside from being resilient and free from any particular diseases or insect damage, keep a vigilant watch for common indoor pests like fungus gnats, scales, spider mites, and mealybugs. Active and regular inspection of your plants will help you take preventative measures before pests take hold.

    Light requirement

    Philodendron Brasil can live under different lighting conditions. However, it will show its colors better if it gets bright, indirect light. If it is placed in low-light environments, it may lose its colors and grow taller, with fewer leaves. Direct sunlight for a long time can damage the leaves, so it’s best to avoid it.


    Most houseplants are comfortable in average room temperatures. Ideally, they prefer temperatures between 60-85F (16-29C). It’s best to avoid temperatures below 55F (13C) at night.
    This rule applies to most houseplants, but there are exceptions.
    Make sure to keep them away from any cold drafts.

    Watering requirement

    Make sure the top 2-3 inches of the soil is dry before watering the Philodendron Brasil. Overwatering can harm them, so avoid keeping them in excessively wet soil for long periods.


    For repotting read our detailed article about how to repot philodendron?

    Humidity requirement

    Philodendron Brasil needs warmth and humidity to thrive indoors. They originally migrated from the rainforests in South America. That’s why it is possible to grow them indoors using standard household temperature and humidity. However, better growth occurs with additional humidity which can be provided by plant humidifier or misting. These plants cannot withstand cold temperatures below 55-60 degrees Fahrenheit. That’s why keep them away from cold drafts.


    To make philodendron Brasil grow more, give it balanced liquid fertilizer. It’s okay if you don’t, but it’s better with it. Use fertilizer once a month while it’s spring and summer. When fall and winter come, don’t give any fertilizer anymore since the plant will rest.

    Perfect Soil

    For your tropical aroid plant known as philodendron Brasil, it’s best to have a soil mix that is loamy, well-draining, and a bit acidic. Although this plant can tolerate a regular indoor potting mix, it will do better in a soil mix specifically made for aroids.

    A recommended mixture is to combine 1 part potting soil, 1 part perlite, and 1 part orchid bark.

    With this well-draining mixture, your philodendron Brasil will thrive happily.

    Pruning philodendron

    If you have philodendron Brasil plants, you may need to prune them to manage their size indoors. Pruning makes the plant grow fuller and larger leaves. It is best to prune in the spring or early summer while the plant is growing.You need clean and sharp scissors or pruning shears to prune the stems that are too long or unruly, or have small leaves growing on them. Store the cuttings aside, as they can be used for propagation.


    You can grow more philodendron Brasil plants by taking stem cuttings.

    • Cut stems that are 4-5 inches long. Make sure each stem has 4-6 leaves.
    • Take off the bottom 2-3 leaves to reveal the nodes on the stem. Keep 2-3 leaves on each stem.
    • Put the stem cuttings in water, making sure the nodes are underwater and the leaves are above the water. Put the cuttings in a place where they can get indirect bright light.
    • After 2-4 weeks, you may see small white roots starting to grow from the nodes under the water. Once the roots are 1 inch long, you can plant the cuttings back into soil.
    • Use well-draining soil to plant the new roots. Keep the container in the same location where the cutting was before.
    • For 2-3 weeks after planting, keep the soil moist (but not too wet) to help the newly sprouted roots adjust to the soil.

    Is Toxic to Pets?

    Philodendron Brasil is a type of heartleaf philodendron. It has mild toxicity to humans, children, and pets(cats, dogs, parrots).

    Common Issues

    Philodendron Brasil are easy to maintain and generally problem-free when grown properly. However, you may experience some common issues if you do not follow proper watering and lighting methods.

    Leaves Curling

    Curling leaves mean that your Philodendron Brasil is not getting enough water. Water it once the soil drys out and avoid leaving the plant to dry out completely. If the roots of your plant have dried up, you will need to grow new roots. You can do this by following the stem cuttings propagation method.

    Browning Tips

    Browning tips can be a result of your plant being exposed to dry conditions or too much sunlight. Avoid exposing your plant to direct sun rays and provide extra humidity using a pebble tray or humidifier. You should also water your Brasil regularly.


    From where I can buy Philodendron Brasil plant?

    Look for it in online shops or local nurseries.

    Why Philodendron Brasil is losing its variegation?

    Lack of light is the reason why your Philodendron Brasil is losing its variegation. When it doesn’t receive sufficient light, it will turn into a standard heartleaf Philodendron.

    How can I get variegated leaves back on my Philodendron Brasil?

    To fix this, move your plant to a brighter location and remove the reverted parts to encourage new variegated growth.

    Is it good to remove damaged Philodendron leaves?

    Once the leaves of your Philodendron have been damaged, they cannot be reversed. You can remove them from the plant to help your plant focus energy on healthy leaves and new growth.

    Why is my Philodendron Brasil plant leaves dripping water?

    Droplets hanging from the leaves indicate that your plant has excess water. Consider cutting back on watering to avoid root rot.

    Why Philodendron Brasil leaves are curling?

    Leaves may curl due to cold temperatures or dry soil. If the potting mix is dry, the plant needs a good soaking.

    Why Philodendron Brasil leaves are wrinkling?

    If leaves are wrinkled, the potting mix may be too dry and new growth may be affected.

    Why does Philodendron Brasil plant have small leaves?

    Small leaves may be due to a lack of light. Proper attention to soil moisture is important.

    Can I use a moss pole for my Philodendron Brasil plant?

    Moss poles can be used for Philodendron Brasil to encourage larger leaves.

    Why are my Philodendron Brasil leaves are becoming yellow?

    Yellow leaves may be a sign of improper soil moisture.