Philodendron gloriosum Care Guide
Philodendron Gloriosum

When it comes to houseplants, there are countless options to choose from. Some prefer low maintenance plants while others may enjoy ones that require a bit more attention. Whether you’re a seasoned plant parent or just starting out, you may be interested in the Philodendron gloriosum. This tropical plant is a member of the Araceae family and features stunning heartleaf-shaped leaves with vibrant white veins. Despite being a creeping plant, it doesn’t require a moss pole like some climbing plants do. Keep reading to find out more about this fascinating houseplant.

Table of content

    Features of Philodendron gloriosum

    The Philodendron gloriosum is a tropical plant that flaunts velvety green leaves. These heartleaf-shaped foliage boast pale to striking white veins, and it belongs to the Araceae or Aroid family – more specifically, the Philodendron genus. Unlike climbers, this creeping, terrestrial plant can grow horizontally along the surface. Therefore, a narrow container of considerable length is ideal for its growth. The Philodendron gloriosum is native to Colombia and is also spotted in Mexico, Central America, Peru, Ecuador, the western parts of Brazil, and Venezuela.

    Rhizome and leaves

    When I received my first Gloriosum, I wasn’t sure how to handle the rhizome, which is the stem portion that produces the leaves. As a novice in plant care, I wasn’t sure whether to bury the rhizome in the soil or keep it on the surface, and at one point, I even tried a vertical position as I had only dealt with climbing Monstera and Philodendron species before.The best approach, as I later discovered, is to keep the rhizome slightly above or on the surface of the soil to enable optimal growth. It should be positioned this way to allow the roots to grow into the soil. The upper part of the rhizome should be exposed, as burying it in the soil can cause it to rot if the soil remains moist.

    If the rhizome is not touching the ground, the roots won’t be able to grow into the soil, leading to smaller leaves over time. Therefore, it is essential to position it horizontally so that the roots can find their way into the soil.

    Leaf

    The leaves of the Gloriosum grow in a cataphyll, which is an extension of the stem, usually dark red to brownish, with white lines. The new leaf emerges after growing inside the cataphyll and then starts to unfurl, which can take several days to weeks, producing an exciting display.

    The size of the leaf is determined by the size of the cataphyll, with larger cataphylls producing larger leaves.

    Flower

    The gloriosum flower is a stunning white flower with a spathe and spadix. Good care for your plant will lead to it flowering once it reaches maturity.

    The gloriosum flower goes through both male and female anthesis, with the female anthesis coming first. During this phase, the plant will produce sticky sap on the white flower, which can be used to propagate the plant using pollen. After the female phase, the male phase begins, with the gloriosum producing pollen that can be collected.

    The flowering process typically takes several days to weeks. However, the male and female phases last only a few days, making it easy to miss the female phase. It’s important to note that the gloriosum is only receptive when there is sticky residue and plant drops on the spadix.

    Scientific NamePhilodendron gloriosum
    Common NameAnthurium Gloriosum, Creeper Plant, Velvet Philodendron
    FamilyAraceae
    OriginBrazils
    Height & WidthHight 2.95 feet & Width 3 feet
    SoilWell drain soil
    WaterWhen the soil dries deep two inches
    SunlightDiffused bright light
    Temperature65 to 85°F
    Humidity65 to 85°F
    Toxic to Cats & DogsYes
    Hardiness zoneUSDA Zones 10-11
    PestsAphids, mealybugs, scale, spider mites
    DiseasesRoot rot

    How to care for Philodendron gloriosum

    For the care of Philodendron gloriosum, it is recommended to plant it in soil that drains well and contains peat, perlite, charcoal, and orchid bark. Another option is to plant it in 100% sphagnum moss. Bright indirect light is ideal and the soil should be kept slightly damp when watering. Wait until the top 1-2 inches of soil are dry before watering. The temperature range should be between 65-85°F (18°C – 29°C) for optimal growth. Use liquid fertilizer at half-strength once a month during spring and summer, and reduce to every eight weeks in autumn and winter. To achieve the best results, increase humidity to between 60-80%.

    Light requirement for Philodendron gloriosum

    For optimal growth of your Philodendron gloriosum, it’s a topic of discussion among aroid collectors whether partial shade, shade, or bright light is best. But in my experience, placing the plant near a window with bright indirect light is ideal. Direct sunlight can cause yellow leaves and harm your plant, so it’s crucial to avoid it. While shade may be suitable in ideal natural conditions, it’s unlikely you can replicate this environment for your gloriosum.

    Another benefit of providing ample light is that it can lead to bigger leaves, which is a coveted trait of this plant. If your Philodendron gloriosum is producing long, spindly leaves or spaced-out leaves, it may indicate that it’s not receiving enough light. To solve this, move the plant closer to a window but ensure that the leaves aren’t directly exposed to the sun.

    Temperature

    For optimum growth, it is recommended to maintain a temperature range of 65°F to 85°F (18°C – 29°C), while night temperatures between 60°F to 70°F (16°C – 21°C) are considered ideal. Additionally, it should be noted that this plant is classified as suitable for USDA hardiness zone 11, based on the United States Department of Agriculture’s guidelines for plant hardiness zones.

    Position

    When cultivating Philodendron Gloriosum indoors, it thrives best in bright, indirect light. Locate a suitable spot near a window where it can receive moderate sunlight, but be cautious of exposing it to direct and harsh rays. It is recommended to keep the plant a few feet away from windows with direct sunlight.

    For the outdoor care of Philodendron gloriosum, make sure to choose a location in USDA hardiness zone 11. The desired temperature range should be between 65-85°F (18°C – 29°C). When planting, select a spot that receives bright indirect light. This can be achieved by choosing a location in the garden that is shaded by larger plants like trees or shrubs since Gloriosum is not tolerant to direct sunlight when grown outside.

    Watering requirement for

    To maintain optimal growth and health for your Gloriosum plant, it’s important to keep the soil damp, but avoid making it too soggy. Water the plant once the top 1-2 inches of soil are almost dry. While this plant can tolerate slightly moist soil, overwatering can lead to root rot.During the spring and summer months, water your Gloriosum once every week. However, reduce the frequency of watering during the autumn and winter season to once every 10 days or longer.

    If you notice signs of mushy roots or yellowing leaves, it’s likely due to overwatering, which can be harmful to Philodendron plants. However, don’t stress too much if you overwater it once or twice, as this plant can still survive.

    Overwatering can cause the roots to become waterlogged, causing the leaves to droop. Conversely, if you don’t water your plant sufficiently, it will indicate this by dropping leaves. To determine whether or not to water your plant, simply stick your index finger into the soil. If the top 1-2 inches of soil are dry or almost dry, it’s time to water it.

    Potting & Repotting

    For a Ph. gloriosum plant, the ideal planter has a long, narrow, and shallow shape. Avoid using round pots and don’t worry about how deep the pot is. Both plastic and ceramic pots work well for this purpose. Personally, I recommend using the Lechuza Planter Delta 20. It fits the required shape criteria and is also a semi-hydro planter.

    Philodendron Gloriosum grows by crawling and spreading, making it ideal for wider rather than deeper pots. For the plant’s needs, a rectangular-shaped container is well-suited. It is essential to have good drainage holes in the container to prevent waterlogging of the roots. Since it has a slow growth rate, repotting is usually necessary only once every two or three years. If you notice the plant leaning, its growth slowing, and the newly grown leaves becoming smaller, it is typically an indication that the plant is root-bound.These are signals that it’s time to repot the Philodendron Gloriosum.

    Humidity requirement

    Philodendron gloriosum, being a plant from the rainforest, requires slightly higher humidity levels of 60-80%. Though it can tolerate humidity levels of 40-50%, it is not ideal and a humidifier may be necessary indoors if the humidity is below 40%.

    During summer, it is advisable to keep the plant away from air conditioning while in winter, it should be moved away from radiators as both could lead to drying out of the plant’s leaves and the plant itself. To increase humidity, some individuals prefer placing a tray of water close to the plant or a pebble tray with water beneath the pot as these methods are more effective than misting the Philodendron.

    Fertilizing

    For optimal growth and larger foliage on your Philodendron gloriosum, consider using liquid fertilizer at half-strength on a monthly basis during spring and summer. In the autumn and winter months, decrease fertilization to every 8 weeks. Properly measuring out the correct amount of fertilizer is crucial for achieving desirable plant growth.

    If you notice slow growth or small leaves on your Gloriosum, it may be an indication of a nutrient deficiency. Typically, this plant is known for its quick growth and ability to produce at least one leaf per month on average.

    Perfect Soil

    Select that soil that drains well and has high levels of organic matter. A pH range of 5-8 is ideal – consider a mixture of orchid potting soil with peat and perlite to improve soil lightness and aeration, which is vital for root health.Many Aroid mixes contain horticultural charcoal – which sweetens the soil and rids it of toxins. This ingredient may seem strange to some, but charred trees are a natural byproduct of forest wildfires, and this creates a favorable growth environment for Aroids.

    It’s important to mimic the plant’s natural habitat as closely as possible. Dense soil, for example, can lead to suffocated roots and root rot in the Gloriosum.

    If desired, the plant can be grown in 100% Sphagnum moss, but regular fertilization is necessary since the moss has no inherent nutrients. Above all, avoid poor drainage brought on by unsuitable soil types – it can be detrimental to root health and development.

    Pruning philodendron

    Pruning the Philodendron gloriosum doesn’t require high maintenance. Simply eliminate any dead, straggly, or unhealthy foliage to ensure the growth of fresh and robust foliage by directing all the energy towards it.

    Propagating Philodendron gloriosum

    To propagate Philodendron gloriosum, it is best to utilize stem cuttings. This plant is known for being easier to propagate compared to other Philodendrons and Monstera. One significant advantage of this method is that the rhizome remains in the soil, enabling the roots to grow downwards.In some cases, stem cuttings already come with roots due to this characteristic of the plant.

    Here are step-by-step instructions on how to propagate Philodendron gloriosum:

    • Locate a suitable section on the rhizome between two leaves.
    • Ensure that at least three leaves remain on the mother plant.
    • The cutting can consist of leaves or simply be the rhizome itself.
    • Use pruning shears to make a clear and even cut on the rhizome.
    • Allow the cutting to callous over for a few hours.
    • Disinfect the cutting with cinnamon to aid in wound healing.
    • Place some moist (but not soaking wet) Sphagnum moss in a pot (preferably plastic).
    • Gently place the cutting into the moss.
    • If possible, place the pot with the cutting in a plastic container or bag.
    • Every few days, open the lid/bag to prevent stale air.
    • The increased humidity will help the plant grow roots, which can take 2-4 weeks. A seedling heat mat can speed up the process.
    • Once the cutting has considerable roots and 2-3 leaves, pot it in soil.

    Congratulations! You have successfully cloned one of the most beautiful Philodendrons on the planet!

    It is possible to take rhizome cuttings with or without leaves, but cutting with a leaf requires humid conditions to prevent the cutting from drying out. The larger the Gloriosum leaves are, the harder it is to find an appropriate container or bag for the cutting. A leaf can potentially be beneficial as the cutting can use the energy from photosynthesis to grow new roots, but this is not guaranteed.

    Propagate Philodendron Gloriosum in water

    Instead of using growing media, you can directly place the rhizome with or without leaves in water. It is crucial to ensure that no water comes into contact with the leaves to prevent rotting. Before submerging it in water, allow the chunk or rhizome to callous over by leaving it for 3-4 hours or up to 12 hours. While tap water is suitable, it should be left for 12-24 hours before using it for the Gloriosum cutting.

    Here are the steps to propagate Philodendron Gloriosum in water:

    • Prepare a clean blade by using rubbing alcohol and an open flame (lighter).
    • Find a section with a node (knobby rhizome).
    • Cut off a section of the rhizome with a sharp knife or pruning shears.
    • Allow the wound on the cutting to callous over for at least 2-4 hours.
    • Fill a container with tap water that has been left to sit for 12-24 hours.
    • Put the cutting into the water, making sure the leaves are above water.
    • Change the water every 7-10 days.
    • Wait for 3-4 weeks until the roots start to grow.
    • Once the roots are several inches long, move the Phylogenetic Gloriosum to a pot filled with potting medium (soil mix, perlite, or sphagnum moss).
    • Once the cutting grows a cataphyll and then a new leaf, you will know it has rooted.

    Pests

    Dealing with plant pests can be a major headache for both indoor and outdoor gardeners. No one enjoys the tedious process of trying to get rid of these persistent and pesky insects. As with many other species in the Philodendron family, such as the Heartleaf Philodendron and the Philodendron Selloum, the Philodendron gloriosum is prone to pest infestations.

    Some of the most common pests that can be found on a Ph. Gloriosum include spider mites, aphids, mealybugs, scale, fungus gnats, and whitefly.

    Neem oil

    One effective solution for dealing with these plant pests is to use neem oil. Although it can be a bit pricey, neem oil is a natural product that can be easily sprayed on your plants indoors.

    There are two variations of neem oil: pure neem oil and diluted neem oil. We prefer the diluted option as it eliminates the need for mixing and enables direct spraying on your plants. To apply neem oil, ensure that you completely soak your Gloriosum in the solution. Repeat the process two weeks later to eliminate any pests that might have survived the initial treatment. This method is beneficial in detecting pests that were previously in their egg form, possibly in the soil.

    Rubbing Alcohol

    Another effective option is rubbing alcohol. Take a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol and apply to both the top and bottom of your plant’s leaves and stems to eradicate pests. Repeat this process every few days for two weeks until pests or their signs disappear.

    Do not get frustrated as eliminating plant pests is a challenging process, especially pests too small for the naked eye. Check for webs and signs of plant sap which may indicate pest presence, and using a magnifying glass might be handy.

    By utilizing this approach, you can avoid the need to move your plants outdoors and ensure that you and your indoor air quality remain protected from harmful chemicals. This provides reassurance and an added benefit.

    Discover the top Philodendron Gloriosum hybrids that are most in demand.

    Philondendron gloriosum x Philodendron pastazanum = Philodendron Dean McDowell

    One of the popular specimens is the Philodendron Dean McDowell, a creeping plant that boasts the shiny, bright green leaves of the Philodendron pastazanum. The crossbreeding of Philodendron Gloriosum with Philodendron pastazanum gives rise to splendid, pillow-like leaves with deep white veins that have a glossy texture. With an estimated height of 3 feet (91cm), it’s an eye-catching plant! Although it has other names such as Philodendron McDowell or McDowelli, note that only the name Philodendron Dean McDowell is correct.

    Philodendron gloriosum x P. melanochrysum = Philodendron glorious

    This hybrid is an amazing beauty, featuring the finest characteristics from two of my beloved plants, Philodendron melanochrysum and Ph. gloriosum.The plant inherits the climbing nature of Melanochrysum and the stunning foliage of Gloriosum, with subtle Melanochrysum elements mixed in.

    Hybrids generally grow more quickly and robustly than their parental plants, making them simpler to maintain.

    For more information on caring for Philodendron glorious, please refer to the following resource.

    Philodendron gloriosum vs. glorious

    The primary distinction between the Philodendron gloriosum and the glorious variety is their growth patterns. The gloriosum is a crawler, while the glorious is a climber. Additionally, the glorious plant possesses characteristics of the melanochrysum, such as its darker and more elongated leaves.

    Additionally, caring for Philodendron Glorious is relatively simpler compared to Philodendron Gloriosum. The Philodendron Glorious tends to grow more vigorously and develops larger leaves at a quicker pace.

    On the flip side, the gloriosum is not a hybrid of two different species, unlike the glorious. This means that the glorious has a blend of the gloriosum and melanochrysum DNA.

    Is Philodendron Gloriosum Toxic to Pets?

    The Philodendron Gloriosum plant should be kept away from humans and pets like cats and dogs due to its toxicity. This is because the plant contains calcium oxalate crystals that can cause various problems such as throat irritation, difficulty in swallowing, oral pain, cramps, and others when ingested. Ingesting large amounts of this plant can lead to severe health complications like seizures, kidney failure and coma. In light of this, it is essential to keep the Philodendron Gloriosum plant out of reach from children, cats, dogs, parrots and other pets.

    Common Issues

    Yellow leaves

    Philodendron Gloriosum is a beautiful plant that can add a touch of elegance to any room. However, it is not immune to common problems that may arise. One of the most common problems is yellowing leaves. While older leaves may naturally yellow and die, younger leaves turning yellow may indicate a variety of issues.One possible cause of yellow leaves is direct light. This plant does not tolerate direct sunlight well, and too much of it can result in yellowing leaves. A solution to this problem is to move the plant to a location where it can receive bright indirect light and keep it away from windows.

    Overwatering

    It is another cause of yellowing leaves. If Philodendron Gloriosum receives excessive water, you may notice younger leaves turning yellow. To address this issue, it is recommended to reduce the frequency of watering. Before watering the plant, check the soil to ensure it is only slightly moist to almost dry. This helps prevent overwatering and promotes healthy growth. It is also important to ensure that the soil mix is well-draining, using materials like perlite, pumice, and orchid bark.

    Root rot

    Root rot is a serious problem that can result from overwatering and soil that is too dense and stays wet for too long. Signs of root rot above the soil include stunted growth, leaves that are not unfurling, and yellow leaves. If you suspect root rot, it is crucial to check the roots to ensure their health and avoid any mushiness or softness. If you find rotting roots, remove them and trim back the remaining healthy roots. Replace the entire potting mix with a well-draining alternative. Address root rot promptly as it poses a life-threatening risk to the plant.

    Types of Philodendron gloriosum

    There are several types of Philodendron gloriosum:

    Philodendron gloriosum zebra

    Philodendron gloriosum zebra

    This type displays more prominent veining than the original gloriosum. It is named after its distinctive broad light green to white veins.

    Philodendron gloriosum verde

    Philodendron gloriosum verde

    Sporting green to very dark green heart-shaped leaves, this type also has white veins but they are less prominent compared to the zebra variant.

    Philodendron gloriosum silver

    Philodendron gloriosum silver

    As this plant matures, its prominent silver veining becomes more visible.

    Philodendron gloriosum dark form

    Philodendron gloriosum dark form

    The dark form features very dark green leaves with prominent white veining. Its edges are reddish. It is a highly desired, rarely offered variant.

    Philodendron gloriosum white veins

    Philodendron gloriosum white veins

    This velvety beauty stands out with its striking, clear white veins that are more prominent than other variants.

    Philodendron gloriosum pink back

    Philodendron gloriosum pink back

    A variant of the zebra type, the pink back showcases pinkish leaf undersides and white veins on the adaxial leaf side.

    Philodendron gloriosum round form

    Philodendron gloriosum round form

    The Philodendron Gloriosum variety features nearly circular leaves, making it sturdier compared to the original form, which typically has more heart-shaped leaves.

    From where I can buy Philodendron Gloriosum Variegated plant

    The Philodendron Gloriosum Variegated is a unique and attractive variety with beautiful variegated foliage, featuring shades of green with creamy white or yellow patterns. It’s large heart-shaped leaves and velvety texture create a bold and tropical appearance, making it visually stunning. The Philodendron Gloriosum Variegated thrives in warm and humid environments with bright, indirect light. It requires watering when the top inch of soil is dry and benefits from balanced fertilization during the growing season. This low-maintenance plant adds elegance and a tropical touch to indoor spaces with its lush variegated foliage.

    You can purchase Philodendron Gloriosum from popular online platforms such as Etsy, Amazon, and Walmart. Other online shops, including specialized plant nurseries and garden centers, also offer this plant. Explore different options, read reviews, compare prices, and choose a reliable seller to buy Philodendron Gloriosum.

    /

    FAQ

    Does the Anthurium gloriosum exist?

    No, it does not. If you come across any article or publication about Anthurium gloriosum, it’s most likely a typographical error. The correct plant is Philodendron gloriosum.

    What is Philodendron gloriosum?

    The Philodendron gloriosum is a tropical foliage plant recognized for its broad heart-shaped leaves. It is part of the Araceae clan and grows natively in the Central and South American rainforests. Its foliage features an alluring soft texture with a dark green hue accompanied by striking white or silver veining, making it easily recognizable and visually appealing.

    What are the care requirements for Philodendron gloriosum?

    For optimal growth of Philodendron gloriosum, it requires a warm and moist setting. It does well in a range of 65-85°F (18-29°C) and flourishes in high humidity. It is vital to shield the plant from chilly drafts and conditions.

    How often should I water Philodendron gloriosum?

    To keep your Philodendron gloriosum healthy, you should consider various factors such as its size, temperature, and humidity levels when watering. It is generally advised to only water the plant once the top inch (2.5 cm) of soil becomes dry. Overwatering should be avoided as it could cause the roots to rot. Always double-check the soil’s moisture level before proceeding with watering.

    What kind of soil does Philodendron gloriosum need?

    For optimum growth, Philodendron gloriosum needs soil that drains well and still holds some moisture. A great soil mixture that is recommended contains peat moss, perlite, and a reduced quantity of orchid bark or sphagnum moss. This variety of soil provides sufficient drainage while retaining enough moisture to meet the plant’s requirements.

    What kind of fertilizers should I use for Philodendron gloriosum?

    For optimal growth of your Philodendron gloriosum, it is advisable to use a well-balanced water-soluble fertilizer that is specially designed for indoor plants. A fertilizer with a ratio of 10-10-10 or 20-20-20 would be ideal. If not, you can opt for a slow-release fertilizer that releases nutrients slowly. It’s important to dilute the fertilizer as per the instructions on the package.

    How often should I fertilize Philodendron gloriosum?

    For Philodendron gloriosum, fertilization is advisable during its growing season which usually occurs between spring and summer. It is suggested to fertilize the plant once every 4-6 weeks. However, take care not to fertilize excessively as it could cause fertilizer burn or nutritional inequities. It is always important to adhere to the guidelines provided on the fertilizer package.

    What kind of light does Philodendron gloriosum need?

    For optimal growth, the Philodendron gloriosum plant requires bright but indirect light. It flourishes in areas where it can be exposed to filtered sunlight or partial shade. It is essential to avoid direct sunlight as it can damage the leaves. Instead, it is recommended to position the plant a few feet away from a window or use sheer curtains to diffuse the light and protect the plant from scorching.

    How often should I prune Philodendron gloriosum?

    It’s not mandatory to prune Philodendron gloriosum for its overall well-being, but it can assist in controlling the plant’s size and form. In case the plant grows excessively or has elongated stems, you can trim them or eliminate any defaced or decaying leaves. To avoid any damage to the plant, it’s advisable to use clean and sharp pruning shears.

    Does Philodendron gloriosum require any special care during winter?

    During colder months, it is important to give special care to your Philodendron gloriosum due to lower humidity and light levels. To keep the plant healthy, it is crucial to create a warm and humid environment. You can use a humidifier nearby or place water-filled pebble trays to increase humidity. It is also important to protect the plant from cold drafts and heaters, as sudden temperature changes can harm it.

    Can Philodendron gloriosum be propagated, and if so, how?

    Philodendron gloriosum can be reproduced through stem cuttings or by dividing the plant during repotting. For stem cuttings, a cutting with at least two nodes and no lower leaves is obtained. The cut stem is placed in water or moist potting mix to encourage root development. During repotting, the plant can be divided into smaller portions, ensuring that each division has roots attached. These separated portions are then planted in individual pots with suitable soil and provided with the necessary care until they are fully established.