Philodendron Pedatum, also known as Oak Leaf Philodendron, is a captivating and fast-growing climber native to South America. Its unusual leaf shape attracts both beginners and collectors, making it a beloved species. But how do you care for a Philodendron Pedatum? In this article, we’ll explore everything you need to know to keep this plant healthy and thriving. Plus, we’ll look at other popular Philodendron varieties you might want to add to your collection. Stay tuned!
What is Philodendron Pedatum origon
A Perfect Foliage PlantPhilodendron Pedatum, also known as Oak Leaf Philodendron, Philodendron Laciniatum, and Philodendron Quercifolium, is a popular and unique tropical plant known for its stunning foliage. It is a perennial belonging to the Araceae family, and its deep green, oak-shaped leaves thrive in a humid environment, making it an excellent indoor plant.
If you live in hardiness zones 9-11, you may also consider growing Philodendron Pedatum outdoors. This plant is often mistaken for Philodendron Florida Ghost, but they are different in their appearance and characteristics.
Philodendron Pedatum is a tall, hardy climber with broad, lobed leaves and smooth green petioles. The young leaves have a lighter color than mature ones, ranging from brilliant green to deep blue-green, and their shape changes as they age.
|Scientific Name||Philodendron Pedatum|
|Common Name||Oak Leaf Philodendron, Philodendron laciniatum, Philodendron quericifolium|
|Origin||Venezuela and Brazil|
|Height||9 feet tall and 1 foot wide|
|Soil||Well drain soil|
|Water||When the soil dries deep two inches|
|Sunlight||Diffused bright light|
|Temperature||60-85 degrees Fahrenheit|
|Humidity||50 to 70%|
|Toxic to Cats & Dogs||Yes|
|Pests||Aphids, mealybugs, scale, spider mites|
Features of oak leaf philodendron
This beautiful plant thrives as a climber and can grow to be quite large. As it matures and climbs, its foliage gets bigger and more attractive. The Philodendron Pedatum is one of two different kinds of Philodendrons: climbers and non-climbers. The climbing Philodendrons are perfect for indoor houseplants if they are given a solid structure to climb on. They produce aerial roots from their stems which they can use to attach themselves to a moss pole or any other structure that they can climb. They can be trained to grow up walls or climb up trellises, which makes them perfect for indoor gardens.
On the other hand, non-climbing Philodendrons grow into an enormous size with big, lobed leaves that are perfectly suited to large open areas. They are often used for interior landscaping in shopping malls or office spaces. They are best placed in areas where they can catch natural light and be seen while providing an unfamiliar atmosphere.
How to care philodendron pedatum Plant
There are a few other things to keep in mind when caring for your Pedatum Philodendron. This plant prefers bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can burn the leaves and cause damage, so it’s best to place it near a window with a sheer curtain or in a bright room with plenty of natural light. Also water the plant regularly, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other issues, so be sure to monitor the plant closely and adjust your watering schedule as needed.
Philodendron pedatum Light requireent
In a home setting, replicating these conditions can be challenging, but not impossible. As a rule of thumb, the pedatum needs 6 to 8 hours of bright, indirect light per day to thrive. You can achieve this by placing your plant near a window that gets plenty of light but no direct sun exposure. East-facing windows are usually the best for philodendrons as they receive the gentle morning light that is not too harsh for the plant. North-facing windows can also work well, but you may need to supplement with artificial light during winter months when sunlight is scarce.
If you don’t have access to bright, indirect light, don’t worry. The pedatum is a forgiving plant that can tolerate partial shade and even low light conditions. However, be aware that too little light can slow down its growth and make it more susceptible to diseases and pests. If you notice that your pedatum is not growing as fast as usual, try moving it to a brighter spot.
On the other hand, it’s also essential to avoid exposing the pedatum to direct sunlight for extended periods. Direct sunlight can scorch the foliage, leaving brown, crispy spots on the leaves. If you live in a place with strong sun exposure, you may want to use sheer curtains or blinds to filter the light that reaches your plant.
Watering requirement for philo pedatum
This plant prefers the soak and dry watering method, which means letting the top 1 inch of soil dry between waterings. This method is best for philodendrons because it allows for proper moisture control, preventing the plant from being overwatered or underwatered.
To water your philo pedatum, start by checking the soil moisture level. Stick your finger about 1 inch into the soil to see if it feels dry to the touch. If the soil is still moist, wait a few days before checking again. If the soil feels dry, it’s time to water.
When watering your philodendron, it’s important to do so slowly. Pour water onto the soil and watch as it slowly soaks in. Stop watering once you see moisture coming out of the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. This ensures that the roots have gotten a good drink of water without drowning them.
It’s also important to dispose of any water that collects in the tray under the pot. Allowing the roots to sit in water can lead to root rot, which can be deadly for your plant. Make sure to empty the tray after each watering.
Humidity requirement for pedatum plant
The good news is that Philodendron Pedatum can tolerate a wide range of humidity levels, making it a great choice for beginners or those who live in areas with varying humidity levels. However, providing the ideal moisture level will give you the best results for your plant.
The ideal humidity level for Philodendron Pedatum should be 60% or more. This level will keep your plant happy and vigorous, promoting healthy growth. When the humidity level is too low, your plant may show signs of stress, such as wilting or browned leaves.
During extra dry days when the humidity level is low, you can mist your Philodendron Pedatum to freshen up its tired leaves. However, when doing this, make sure there’s proper ventilation in your room, or you risk inviting fungal diseases.
Apart from misting, you can use a humidifier to maintain the ideal humidity level in your room. This is especially important if you live in an area with low humidity levels or if you’re using an air conditioner or heater, which can dry up the air.
Temperature requirement for pedatum philodendron
The ideal temperature range for your Philodendron during the day is between 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit (10 to 23.8 degrees Celsius). It is best to avoid temperatures above 85 degrees Fahrenheit as they can cause heat stress and damage to the plant. During the night, the ideal temperature should be 5 to 10 degrees cooler, which should be achievable with most indoor environments.
It is crucial to avoid placing your plant near vents or air conditioning units as drafts can harm the foliage. These appliances can also cause sudden fluctuations in temperature, which can also be harmful to your Oak Leaf Philodendron.
Another vital factor to consider is the humidity level in your plant’s immediate environment. The ideal humidity level for your Philodendron is around 60 percent. However, levels between 40 to 80 percent are also acceptable and can still encourage healthy growth.
If the humidity is too low, your plant’s leaves may start to turn brown and dry out. However, you can quickly increase the humidity level by using a tray filled with small pebbles and water under the pot’s drip tray. This provides a humid microclimate for the plant, especially during the dry winter months.
Pedatum philodendron Potting and Repotting
Repotting your philodendron is not always needed. You only need to repot your plant if it outgrows its current container or becomes root-bound, meaning the roots are tightly coiled around the edges of the pot.
If you notice that your philodendron is starting to look crowded, with roots emerging from the drainage holes, or the soil is dry immediately after watering, it may be time to repot.
How to Repot Your Philodendron Pedatum:
- Prepare your new pot and soil mixture.
Choose a pot that is one size bigger than your plant’s current pot, and make sure it has drainage holes to prevent waterlogging. Prepare a potting mix that is moist, loose, and well-draining. You can create a mixture using equal parts of peat, perlite, and bark.
- Remove your plant from its current pot.
Water your plant a day or two before you plan to repot for an easier time getting it out of the container. Once the soil is moist, gently lift your plant from its current pot, taking care not to damage the roots.
- Brush off excess soil.
Remove as much of the old soil from the roots as possible. Do not be too aggressive since you want to prevent damage to the roots.
- Plant your Philodendron in the new pot with fresh soil.
Place a layer of soil on the bottom of your new pot, and then place your philodendron over it. Fill in the area around the plant with new soil, making sure that it is level and that the base of the plant is at the same level as it previously was. Gently pat down the soil around the plant to remove any air pockets.
- Water and let it grow!
Water your philodendron immediately after repotting, and place it in a spot with bright, indirect light. You should avoid direct sunlight since this can burn the leaves.
Remember that you do not need to use any plant feed during the first few weeks of repotting. Allow your philodendron to adjust to its new environment and start to establish roots in its new soil.
Fertilizeing philodendron pedatum variegated plant
One of the essential factors to consider when fertilizing Philodendron Pedatum is the amount of nitrogen-based plant feed to apply. Nitrogen is an essential macronutrient that is responsible for leaf growth and the green color of the plant. Without enough nitrogen, the Philodendron Pedatum may suffer from stunted growth, yellowing leaves, and lack of vibrancy.
The amount of nitrogen-based fertilizer to apply will depend on various factors, such as the amount of light available to the plant and the size of the plant. The general rule is that the more light the Philodendron Pedatum gets, the more fertilizer it needs. This is because of the increased rate of photosynthesis, which demands more nitrogen.
- How much to Fertilize
In terms of size, small Philodendron Pedatum plants require less fertilizer compared to mature ones. It is also crucial to check the soil’s nutrient levels before applying any fertilizer. If the soil already contains excess nitrogen, adding more may cause fertilization burn and harm the plant.
- Type of fertilizer
Another factor to consider is the type of fertilizer to use. Nitrogen-based fertilizers come in different forms such as liquid, granular, and slow-release pellets. Liquid fertilizers are the most common and are applied by diluting in water and pouring around the plant’s base. Granular fertilizers are sprinkled around the plant’s base and are ideal for introducing nutrients to the soil. Slow-release pellets are also sprinkled around the plant’s base and are ideal for long-term fertilization.
- When to fertilize?
Furthermore, it is vital to fertilize Philodendron Pedatum during its active growth phase, which is typically in the spring or summer. During this time, the plant demands more nutrients to support its growth. Fertilizing during the dormant phase may result in over-fertilizing or under-fertilizing, depending on the plant’s needs.
Perfect Soil for Pedatum Philodendron
Pedatum Philodendron will thrive in either a good potting soil amended with equal parts peat and perlite or sphagnum moss alone. This will ensure that the soil is well-draining and provides the plant with adequate moisture retention. It’s important to select the right type of soil for your Philodendron, as the wrong type can lead to problems such as root rot or a lack of nutrients.
Another important factor to consider is the pH level of the soil. Keep the soil’s pH between 5.5 to 7.0 for optimal growth. This is within the range of slightly acidic to neutral, which is ideal for many houseplants. You can test the pH level with a soil testing kit, which can be purchased at most garden centers or online. If the pH level is too low or too high, you can adjust it with the addition of certain soil amendments, such as dolomite or sulfur.
Propagation of philodendron pedatum
Propagating your Philodendron Pedatum through stem cutting is a popular and simple method.To start, select a six to eight inch stem cutting from a healthy plant, making sure to prune at least half an inch below the aerial root and with two to three nodes.
Plant the cutting about three inches deep in a well-draining potting soil and place it in an area with indirect bright light. Keep the soil moist by regularly misting it, ensuring proper ventilation during misting.
Within four to seven weeks, you should see tiny shoots and roots sprouting, and from there treat your baby Philodendron Pedatum as you would the mother plant.
Alternatively, you can use water propagation for your stem cutting.
Fill a small, clear bowl with water and let it sit overnight to allow chlorine to settle. Submerge the three to five inches of stem cutting into the water, keeping the nodes underwater and changing the water weekly to keep it clean.
After seven to eight weeks, roots should emerge and you can transfer your baby Philodendron Pedatum to soil rich in nutrients.
We recommend using root hormones to speed up the process, with the one suggested below having proven success in our propagation efforts.
Is philodendron pedatum Toxic?
Pets such as cats and dogs are naturally curious animals, and they tend to chew on anything they can find. If you have Philodendron Pedatum in your home and your pet chews on any part of the plant, they may experience symptoms such as burning, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing. In severe cases, consumption of Philodendron Pedatum can cause swelling of the tongue and throat, leading to breathing difficulties and even death in some cases.
If you suspect that your pet has ingested any part of Philodendron Pedatum, you should seek immediate veterinary attention. Your vet may induce vomiting or provide supportive care to alleviate symptoms. It is crucial to keep your pet away from Philodendron Pedatum and any other plants that are toxic to them.
It is also essential to note that Philodendron Pedatum is toxic to humans. If you have children in your home, it is crucial to keep the plant out of their reach. The effects of ingesting Philodendron Pedatum can be just as severe for humans, leading to serious health complications.
Prune Your Philodendron Pedatum mature Plant
Before you start pruning your Philodendron Pedatum, take a moment to observe it. Look for dead, yellowing, or brown leaves. These are the leaves that you will be removing during the pruning process. Also, keep an eye out for any stems that are growing too long or in the wrong direction. These will need to be cut back as well.
Step 1: Tools You’ll Need
Having the proper tools will make your pruning job much easier. You’ll need a sharp pair of scissors, pruning shears, or a pair of sharp gardening scissors. Make sure your tools are clean and disinfected before using them to avoid the spread of any plant diseases.
Step 2: Pruning Dead or Damaged Leaves
Start by pruning any dead or damaged leaves. These are not only unsightly but can also attract insects and pests. Cut the leaf stem as close to the base of the plant as possible. Make sure to cut straight across the stem and avoid jagged edges.
Step 3: Pruning Overgrown Stems
If you notice that one of your Philodendron Pedatum stems is getting too long and taking over the space, it’s time to cut it back. Look for the last leaf node on the stem, which is where the leaves are growing from. Cut the stem just above this node, with sharp scissors or shears. This will encourage new growth and keep your plant healthy.
Step 4: Propagating Your Plant
Philodendron Pedatum propagates easily through stem cuttings. To do this, use sharp scissors or shears to cut off a stem about six inches long. Make sure that the stem has at least three leaves and that you cut it just below a leaf node. Remove the lowest leaves and stick the cutting in a pot with fresh soil. Make sure to keep the soil moist and give your new plant plenty of indirect sunlight.
Common Issues with philodendron pedatum
Philodendron Pedatum may encounter usual issues including overwatering and improper lighting. Some common issues that can arise during the growing process are discussed below, along with remedies.
Yellow or Brown Leaves of Philodendron Pedatum
It indicate overwatering, which can cause root rot if unchecked. First, examine the potting soil to check for overwatering and adjust watering accordingly. If multiple leaves are brown, remove the plant from its container and inspect the roots for root rot. Trim the black and soft roots, and repot the plant in soil that drains well.
Drooping or Curling Leaves
If your Philodendron Pedatum needs more water, its leaves will droop or curl. Low temperatures or dry air can cause this as well. Ensure that the potting mix is kept moist and avoid overly wet soil. Consider adding a humidifier or mineral tray to increase the humidity around the plant. While raising the humidity, it is important not to forget about proper ventilation.
Pests and Diseases of philodendron pedatum
Plant Pests and DiseasesTo ensure that your Philodendron Pedatum stays healthy, it is important to be on the lookout for pests that can infest it.
One telltale sign of pests is the presence of honeydew, a sticky residue on the leaves.
Pests commonly found on this plant include thrips, scale insects, mealybugs, and spider mites.
To eliminate these pests, you can use a solution of mild detergent and water or neem oil.
In addition to pests, excessive moisture is also a factor that can lead to plant diseases.
Overwatering can cause root rot, which is a major cause of houseplant mortality.
Without proper air circulation, excessive moisture can also result in mildew and other fungal problems.
To prevent plant diseases, it is best to provide your plant with enough sunlight and air circulation.
From where to buy philodendron pedatum?
It’s quite convenient to get hold of a Philodendron Pedatum from your nearby plant nursery stores or on online marketplaces. Our personal experience has been satisfactory after purchasing one from Amazon. Feel free to check it out for yourself!
When is the best time to repot your Philodendron Pedatum?
Spring is the ideal time to repot your philodendron. This timing gives the plant fresh soil and nutrients just in time for the growing season, resulting in healthy and robust foliage.
What is a Philodendron Pedatum?
A Philodendron Pedatum is a species of philodendron plant characterized by its deeply divided, lobed leaves that resemble a bird’s foot, hence the name “Pedatum.” It is a tropical plant native to Central and South America.
Where can I buy a Philodendron Pedatum?
You can purchase a Philodendron Pedatum from various sources. Local plant nurseries, garden centers, and botanical shops often carry a wide range of philodendron species, including the Philodendron Pedatum. Online plant retailers and marketplaces are also convenient options for purchasing this plant.
How do I care for my Philodendron Pedatum?
- Place it in a bright location with indirect sunlight.
- Keep the temperature between 65-80°F (18-27°C) to mimic its native tropical habitat.
- Water the plant thoroughly when the top inch of soil feels dry, but avoid overwatering.
- Maintain a moderate level of humidity by misting the leaves or using a humidifier.
- Fertilize the plant during the growing season using a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer.
What kind of soil should I use for my Philodendron Pedatum?
For the best soil for your Philodendron Pedatum, use a well-draining mix. A combination of peat moss, perlite, and potting soil works well to ensure adequate drainage and prevent waterlogging. Avoid heavy or compacted soil, as it can lead to root issues.
How often should I water my Philodendron Pedatum?
The watering frequency for a Philodendron Pedatum depends on various factors such as environmental conditions and the size of the plant. As a general guideline, water the plant thoroughly when the top inch of soil feels dry. Allow excess water to drain out of the pot to prevent root rot. Adjust the watering schedule based on the plant’s needs and the moisture level of the soil.
How much light does my Philodendron Pedatum need?
Philodendron Pedatum thrives in bright, indirect light. Place the plant in a location with moderate to bright light, but avoid direct sunlight as it can scorch the leaves. A north or east-facing window is usually ideal, as it provides the right balance of light intensity.
How do I propagate my Philodendron Pedatum?
You can propagate your Philodendron Pedatum through stem cuttings. Take a healthy stem cutting with a few leaves and place it in water or a well-draining rooting medium. Keep it in a warm and humid environment until roots develop. Alternatively, you can propagate the plant through division by carefully separating the plant into smaller sections, ensuring each division has roots attached.
What should I do if my Philodendron Pedatum is not growing well?
If your Philodendron Pedatum is not growing well, there could be several factors to consider. Ensure the plant is receiving adequate light, water, and humidity as per its requirements. Check the soil moisture levels and adjust the watering frequency accordingly. Evaluate the temperature and ensure it falls within the recommended range. If the plant continues to struggle, it might be necessary to assess the root health and consider repotting if root-bound.
How do I prevent pests and diseases in my Philodendron Pedatum?
To prevent pests and diseases in your Philodendron Pedatum, it’s essential to maintain a clean and healthy environment. Here are some tips:
- Regularly inspect the plant for signs of pests like spider mites, aphids, or mealybugs. Treat any infestations promptly with organic or chemical solutions.
- Ensure good air circulation around the plant to prevent the development of fungal diseases.
- Avoid overwatering and maintain proper drainage to prevent root rot.
- Keep the plant clean by gently wiping the leaves with a damp cloth to remove dust and debris.
Is the Philodendron Pedatum safe for pets?”
The Philodendron Pedatum, like many philodendron species, is considered toxic to pets if ingested. The plant contains calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause irritation and discomfort if consumed