Philodendron Rugosum Care Guide

Are you on the hunt for the perfect next addition to your indoor jungle? Look no further than the ever-popular Philodendron Rugosum!

Are you looking to add some exotic flair to your indoor plant collection? Well, we have some exciting news for you – the Philodendron rugosum is here to steal the show! This rare and unusual plant is perfect for fans of low-maintenance options, as it does not require too much attention. With its beautiful dark green foliage and stand-out veins, the Philodendron rugosum is the perfect statement plant for any room. Just be sure to keep it away from curious nibblers, as it is toxic to pets and humans if ingested. Stay tuned to find out more about this stunning plant!

It originally comes from Ecuador and is known to thrive in the Andes, even at altitudes of up to 5000 feet. In 1983, the nickname Pigskin was coined for this plant due to its unique texture. The leaves have a distinctive shape that looks just like the ears of a pig! And, did you know that the word Rugosum actually means Ruga in Italian? That translates to “wrinkle.” So, the name Rugosum Pig Skin really suits this amazing plant.

philodendron-white-knight plantHow to care for a Philodendron Rugosum

This plant is adaptable, forgiving, and requires relatively low maintenance. In fact, it’s so easy to care for that it’s a popular choice for indoor plant enthusiasts. Native to South America, the Philodendron Rugosum can withstand a variety of conditions, making it an ideal choice for any home. But how do you make sure you’re giving it the best care possible? Well, we’ve got you covered with a comprehensive analysis of all the key factors that impact care. From light and temperature to pruning and fertilizer, we’ll make sure you have all the information you need to keep your Philodendron Rugosum happy and healthy. So let’s dive in!

Philodendron Rugosum Care Guide

    What unique about Philo Rugosum

    Perhaps you’re curious about the scarcest plant around. Part of the explanation is that it’s a tricky species to propagate. The Rugosum can only be cultivated by utilizing seeds, which are laborious to gather, especially in the wild. Additionally, this plant doesn’t grow swiftly, which only intensifies the challenge of locating it. Also, it’s worth noting that it hasn’t been mass-produced commercially, which is why the Rugosum is a highly coveted species among collectors and enthusiasts and is seldom found in nurseries or plant stores.

    Summary of Philodendron Rugosum

    Botanical Name
    Philodendron Rugosum
    Light needs:   
    Plenty of bright, indirect light
    Hardiness Zone10 to 12.
    Common namesPigskin philodendron, Sow’s ear plant
    Watering needs:       
    Watering once per week is generally sufficient
    During the growing season (typically Spring and Summer)
    Coarser, rich in organic matter, lighter & well-drained,

    60% or more
    50°F to 77°F (10°C to 25°C)
    Where to buy:
    Etsy, Walmart, Amazon local nurseries
    It’s toxic, so keep it away from children and pets

    Philodendron Rugosum temperature, light &, and position


    To keep your Philodendron rusgosum happy, it’s essential to keep it away from drafts and chilly rooms. This species isn’t cold hardy, so chilly temperatures can damage the plant. You can keep track of the temperature using a thermometer – this will help you make sure that it stays within the optimal range.

    For the Philodendron rusgosum plant, this range lies within 55 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature falls within this range, your plant will continue to flourish.

    Light requirements

    When it comes to caring for your Philodendron Rugosum, it’s crucial to monitor the amount of light it receives. Exposure to direct sunlight may burn the leaves of your Philodendron Rugosum, leading them to develop a brown or black discoloration. On the other hand, inadequate light can impede the plant’s growth and cause it to become leggy.


    A recommended method for ensuring ideal lighting conditions is to position the plant near a window where the incoming sunlight is filtered or to hang a sheer curtain to reduce the intensity of light falling on the leaves.

    philodendron-white-knight plantPhilodendron Rugosum Humidity Requirements

    To provide adequate humidity for your plant, you may consider using a humidifier, positioning a water tray near the plant, or clustering it with other plants. The critical factor is to guarantee that the plant thrives in a sufficiently moist setting.

    Click here to buy the plant humidifier

    philodendron-white-knight plantFertilizing Philodendron Rugosum plant

    To encourage striking foliage growth in your plants during their growth phase, it’s recommended to feed them regularly. Starting with a monthly dose of diluted liquid fertilizer is a wise idea, especially if your plant is placed in a bright location. It’s crucial to avoid using a full-strength fertilizer mix as it may damage the plant’s roots. Additionally, it’s best to refrain from feeding your plant during the dormant phase in winter to ensure it thrives.

    Click here to buy slow-release fertiliser

    philodendron-white-knight plantWater requirement for Philo Rugosum

    Discover the secrets to caring for your Philodendron Rugosum using water. Unlike other Philodendron plants, this indoor plant has a unique watering requirement – it thrives in moist soil and needs to be kept from drying out on the surface.

    Here’s a helpful tip: instead of water from the top like your other houseplants, simply soak the Rugosum well in water. Hang it in a decorative pot filled with water for up to an hour, allowing the roots to soak up the moisture and the bark to absorb it. Afterward, empty the pot and let the nursery pot drain out any excess water. You can follow this routine once a week or as needed to keep your Philodendron Rugosum healthy and thriving.

    Click here to buy the watering can

    philodendron-white-knight plantBest Soil for Philodendron Rugosum

    Soil is the medium in which plants grow and obtain their nutrients, water, and anchorage. The right soil composition can play a critical role in the health and growth of Philodendron Rugosum, and understanding the components of a good soil mix can be crucial to successfully grow this plant.

    Soil Composition

    A good soil mix for Philodendron Rugosum should be well-draining and rich in organic matter. Organic matter can provide the necessary nutrients and help retain moisture in the soil. A soil mix for Philodendron Rugosum could consist of equal parts peat moss, perlite, and potting soil. Peat moss is a decomposed organic material that helps to retain moisture in the soil, while perlite is a volcanic rock that provides good drainage and aeration. Potting soil is a mix of peat moss, vermiculite or perlite, and other organic materials, which can provide the necessary nutrients for the plant.

    Soil types

    Different soil types can have varying effects on the growth and health of Philodendron Rugosum. There are three primary soil varieties: sandy, loamy, and clay.

    Sandy soil has the property of quickly draining, yet it does not hold onto water or nutrients effectively.

    Loamy soil is considered the ideal soil type for most plants, as it is a mix of sand, silt, and clay, and provides good drainage, moisture retention, and nutrient availability.

    Clay soil, on the other hand, drains poorly and can lead to waterlogged roots, which can be detrimental to the health of the plant.

    How to Make Soil Mix at Home

    • You can create a good soil mix for Philodendron Rugosum at home by following these simple steps:
    • Mix equal parts peat moss, perlite, and potting soil in a large container or bucket.
    • Thoroughly blend the components until they are well combined.
    • Incorporate water into the mix and stir until the soil achieves a moist consistency but without waterlogging.
    • Utilize the resulting soil mix to fill the pot designated for your Philodendron Rugosum, making sure to provide sufficient drainage.

    Click here to buy the potting soil

    philodendron-white-knight plantPruning Philodendron Rugosum mature plant

    Philodendron Rugosum, pruning is really important. Pruning regularly will help the plant grow fuller and prevent it from getting too tall and spindly.

    it is advisable to perform pruning during the spring or summer season while the plant is in its growth phase. Pruning can be executed by utilizing clean and sharp pruning shears and trimming the stems just above a leaf node. Additionally, it is recommended to eliminate any yellowing or deceased leaves to enhance the overall appearance of the plant.

    Click here to buy pruning shears

    philodendron-white-knight plantPhilodendron Rugosum potting & re-potting

    When it comes to Potting and Repotting Philodendron Rugosum, regular repotting is necessary for this fast-growing plant. To keep it healthy and tall, you don’t want it to be limited and root-bound. If you notice growth slowing down or roots peeking out of the drainage holes, it’s probably time to move up to a slightly bigger pot size. This usually needs to be done every one or two years, taking into consideration the plant’s placement, health, and conditions.However, avoid going for a pot that’s much larger than the previous one since excess moisture can accumulate in the soil, leading to root rot.

    Fill the new pot with a well-draining mix until it reaches around one-third full. Carefully place the plant in the pot, then fill the gaps around the roots and stems by adding more mix, and finally, fill the pot up to just below its rim.

    philodendron-white-knight plantPropagating Philodendron Rugosum

    Click here to buy new Propagation Station Wall Hanging

    If you’re looking to propagate your Philodendron rugosum, you have a few options to choose from. While division or air layering are possibilities, most people prefer to use stem cuttings. Follow these steps to increase your chances of success:1. Choose a healthy stem from a mature plant and use a sterile knife or shears to cut a segment that is about 4 inches long.

    • Make sure that the cutting has at least two leaves at the top and two exposed nodes at the bottom.
    • Allow the base of the cutting to form a callus for one to two weeks before placing it in potting mix.
    • Insert the stem into the potting mix by creating a hole with a pencil or your finger and covering the node with soil.
    • Fill in around the hole to secure the base of the stem.
    • Place the container in a location that receives bright, indirect light and make sure to keep the soil consistently moist.
    • Once you see evidence of new growth, wait for a new root system to form. If necessary, transfer the cutting to a larger pot.

    philodendron-white-knight plantAre Rugosum plants toxic to pets?

    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up about something to keep in mind if you own a Philodendron Rugosum. It’s a really cool plant, but it’s also toxic to pets and humans if nibbled on. So just be sure to keep it away from any curious critters who like to take a taste of your plants. Better safe than sorry, right?

    If you have a dog pet then you must read this What To Do If Dog Eats Philodendron?

    philodendron-white-knight plantFrom where I can buy a Philodendron Rugosum?

    It is worth highlighting that the Rugosum plant species is considered a prized possession among collectors and enthusiasts due to its limited commercial production. This rarity ultimately results in its infrequent sighting in nurseries, plant shops, and online stores.

    philodendron-white-knight plantPests, Diseases & Leaves Problems With Philodendron Rugosum

    Philodendron Rugosum is a well-liked indoor plant because of its charming leaves and low maintenance. However, it is still vulnerable to various pests, diseases, and leaf problems similar to other plants. In this write-up, we will go over some of the most frequent issues that can impact Philodendron Rugosum and how to resolve them.


    Spider Mites: To spot spider mites, look out for their webbing and the yellow or brown spots they leave on the leaves. To eliminate spider mites, you can use a blend of water and dish soap or insecticidal soap. You can also wipe the leaves with a damp cloth.

    Mealybugs: These are cotton-like insects, white in color, and tiny that can be found on the Philodendron Rugosum’s stems and leaves. To get rid of mealybugs, use a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to remove them. Alternatively, neem oil or insecticidal soap can also be used.

    Scale Insects: Scale insects, seen as small, black, or brown bumps on the plant’s leaves and stems, can be removed by using a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol. Insecticide soap or neem oil can also be effective.


    Root Rot: Root rot is caused by too much water or soil that does not drain properly and can result in wilting, yellowing, and drooping leaves. To remedy root rot, let the soil dry out between watering and use a pot with satisfactory drainage.

    Leaf Spot: Leaf spot is a fungal disease causing black or brown spots on the leaves. To deal with leaf spots, remove the severely affected leaves and ensure the plant has ample ventilation.

    Powdery Mildew: Powdery mildew is another fungal disease producing a powdery substance on the plant’s leaves. To get rid of powdery mildew, use a mixture of water and baking soda or a commercial fungicide.

    Leaf Problems

    Yellowing Leaves: Yellowing leaves can be caused by too much or too little water and nutrient shortages. To repair yellowing leaves, adjust your watering schedule and verify that the plant is obtaining proper light and nutrients.

    Brown spots & Tips: Too little water or dry air can be the cause of brown spots or tips. To resolve this, increase the moisture level around the plant or make changes to the watering pattern. Read our article Brown Spots on Philodendron Leaves .

    Wilting Leaves: Similar to yellowing leaves, wilting leaves can be caused by over-watering or under-watering. To tackle wilting leaves, alter your watering schedule and make sure the plant is in a pot with proper drainage.

    Click here to buy the Neem oil

    philodendron-white-knightFrequently Asked Questions:

    What special care does Philodendron Rugosum require?

    Besides the plant is toxic to pets, it’s pretty low maintenance. Just make sure it’s not sitting in wet soil for too long and that it’s in a humid environment.

    How big can my Philodendron Rugosum grow?

    Philodendron Rugosum can grow up to 4-5 feet tall with proper care and can also spread wide with its long leaves.

    Is the Philodendron Rugosum safe for pets?

    No, it can be toxic for pets if ingested. Please keep it away from curious nibblers.

    Does the Philodendron Rugosum need a lot of light?

    The Philodendron Rugosum prefers bright, indirect light but can also tolerate lower light conditions.

    How often should I fertilize Philodendron Rugosum?

    During the growing season, fertilize once every 2-3 weeks with a liquid houseplant fertilizer.

    Where should I place my Philodendron Rugosum?

    Place your plant near a window that gets plenty of filtered light.