Philodendron Serpens Care Guide

Hey there, plant lovers! If you’re looking for a low-maintenance houseplant that’s easy to care for and grows quickly, then you’ll love philodendron serpens!

Philodendron Serpens Care Guide

Bring a little of the outdoors inside with this easy-to-care-for Philodendron serpens! With its glossy leaves and elegant petioles, your home or garden will instantly become more inviting and vibrant with these beauties. Whether you’re an experienced houseplant enthusiast or a newbie just starting out, this friendly guide has all the information you need to ensure your Philodendron serpens stays healthy and continues to flourish. Read on to learn more about Philodendron serpens care!

It’s an exotic plant, sourced from the area from Colombia to Ecuador, that has a vivid look that’ll set your garden aside from the rest. Interestingly, this plant derives its name from the Latin word for “serpent”, due to its leaf and stalk that look like a snake ready to strike fromupon a distance.

How to care philodendron serpens plant?

When it comes to taking care of your Philodendron Serpens, the rule of thumb is to give it enough light, water,adequate sunlight ,water at regular intervals, andoccasional cleaning that’s it! In addition, it can grow both indoors and outdoors, so you get the freedom of deciding where you’d like it to thrive. By providing your plant with the best conditions, you can ensure that this unique and captivating Philodendron stays healthy and attractive for many years!

Now, let’s take a closer look at how to properly provide your Philodendron Serpens with the necessary light, water, and cleaning for optimal growth and beauty.

If you follow these simple guidelines, you will be able to create a healthy environment for your Philodendrons to thrive in no time.

philodendron serpens plant
Philodendron Golden Dragon

    Philodendron SerpensSummary
    Botanical Name
     Philodendron serpens
    Hariness zone10-12
    Light needs:   
    medium indirect sunlight
    Common namesP. serpens,Philodendron serpens, Philo serpens
    Watering needs:       
    Water when potting soil is dry
    Feed once in spring to summer
    Airy quick drainage potting mix
    60% – 80%
    65°F (18°C) – 85°F (29°C).
    Where to buy:
    Amazon, Etsy, Walmart
    Toxic to humains and pets

    Serpens philodendron


    Philodendron serpens are native to tropical rainforests, and they do best in warm climates. To ensure the healthiest environment for the plants, it’s important to keep them in temperatures that range from 65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit—any lower and they’ll be too cold to thrive.

    it’s probably best to keep your Serpens philodendron indoors and away from any outdoor temperatures that could potentially dip too low. If the plants in your home or garden are exposed to temperatures that are too hot or cold for extended periods of time, it may be wise to check in with a local gardening or horticultural expert. They’ll be able to offer advice and resources to ensure that you’re doing your best to provide an optimal environment for the Philodendron serpens.

    Light requirements

    The best spot for your Serpens philodendron is one that receives lots of sunlight—such as near a window or in a greenhouse—but is protected from the scorching noonday sun. For delicate plants like Serpens philodendron, the harsh, direct sunlight of middays should be avoided. Placing them under a green shade in the afternoon hours can help prevent the leaves from burning in the strong sunlight.

    In addition to limiting sunlight exposure, make sure to periodically rotate your Serpens philodendron so that all sides for the plant receive their fair share of light. Otherwise, some parts of the plant may not be getting adequate sunlight, which can cause the leaves to start turning yellow. Rotating the plant at least once a week should be the goal, to ensure that all the lush foliage is getting the light it needs to stay vibrant and healthy.


    If your home has a bright spot, then that’s the ideal place for your Philodendron to make itself at home. If however, natural light is at a premium in your home, then you should consider buying a grow light to provide the necessary light for the plant.

    Moreover, Serpens philodendron need plenty of light to thrive. We recommend placing your plant in a bright window, as this will give it sufficient light exposure. If you’re growing them indoors, try positioning the pot on top of a stack of books, that way they can easily reach the sunlight. The more exposure to natural light, the healthier your plant will be.

    It’s also important to watch out for direct sunlight. Although Philodendrons can tolerate some direct sunlight, prolonged exposure can burn the leaves and cause the delicate inner stems to become brittle.

    Serpens Philodendron Humidity Requirements

    They are incredibly resilient tropical plants that can adapt to varying levels of humidity. So, while you don’t necessarily have to focus too much on this requirement, we still recommend giving your plant some extra love.

    A terrific way of upping your humidity level is to try a humidifier. If you don’t have one – a great workaround is to put together a tray of small pebbles, water supply and situate it near the plant. As the water evaporates, the area around the plant is brimming with moisture – leading to a heightened level of humidity. If this doesn’t meet your needs, here’s a hack – lightly douse the leaves with some water.

    Fertilizing philo serpens

    Feed it at least once every 3-4 months, but it you’re finding your plant struggling to grow, feel free to apply some fertilizer a little more often. What kind of fertilizer should you use for the Philodendron serpens? Generally an all-purpose liquid NPK fertilizer will work well.

    The trouble with liquid fertilizer is that you can quickly over fertilize your plant, which isn’t good. Too much salt buildup can seriously damage your Philodendron serpens and even kill it if the problem isn’t addressed. Fortunately there’s a much better solution, and that’s fertilizer beads.

    Fertilizer beads are a great way to fertilize your Philodendron serpens. The beads gradually release small amounts of fertilizer over a long period of time, so you won’t have to worry about damaging the plant with too much fertilizer. With the help of fertilizer beads, you can easily ensure your Philodendron serpens gets all the nutrition it needs without risking overfertilizing.

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    Water requirement for philodendron serpens

    Generally, in the summer season, you should water your plant every two or three days or whenever the soil feels dry. To check if you need to water your plant, put your finger in the soil and if it feels dry, it’s time to water your plant. To be extra sure, you can also check if the leaves are droopy or the pot is feeling light in your hand. Both of these signs can be indications that your plant needs some hydration.

    In the winter season, you will need to water your Philodendron Serpens even less. You can just water it once or twice a week maximum. Take precautions to not overdo it as too much water gets the soil soggy and can cause root rot. Damaged roots mean you will have to say goodbye to your beloved plant and that’s not what we want.

    Best Soil for philodendron serpens

    When planting your Serpens Philodendron, proper drainage is key. To make sure excess water can get out of the pot, use a container with multiple small holes in the bottom. Put the pot on a drainage tray to catch the extra liquid, waiting a few minutes after watering to ensure it HAS drained away. Remove the tray afterwards and be sure to throw away the water. Leaving water in the tray can cause the roots to rot without enough air or bacteria to attack the roots.

    Best Soil for philodendron serpens

    Once you’re sure the extra liquid has drained away, fill the pot with a soil mix suitable for Philodendrons. Serpens Philodendron prefer a neutral or slightly acidic soil, with a pH level between 6.1 and 7.3. The perfect mix should also contain perlite, to help the soil retain its structure, allowing for proper drainage and air circulation. Mixing in some coconut coir helps with water retention, making sure the root system doesn’t dry out.

    Pruning philodendron serpens plant

    It helps to keep your philodendron serpens looking its best, as well as encouraging new growth. It’s best to prune your plant in the spring or summer, using sterilized pruning shears or scissors to clip just above a leaf node. This is also a great way to propagate your philodendron serpens by taking stem cuttings.

    Philodendron Serpens Re-potting

     Philodendron Serpens Re-potting

    Repotting your philodendron serpens is necessary for its health and wellbeing. Once the roots begin to protrude from the soil and drainage holes, it’s time for a new pot.The best time to repot a plant is during late spring or early summer. Select a pot that is larger than the current one and carefully remove the plant from its pot. Place the plant in the new pot, adding fresh soil at the bottom and around the sides.Don’t forget to water the plant thoroughly afterwards.

    Cleaning and maintenance philodendron serpens

    When it comes to cleaning your philodendron serpens, it’s important to use gentle cleaning supplies. Avoid harsh chemicals and abrasive cleaners, as these can damage the leaves and roots of your plant. Instead, use a soft cloth or brush to gently remove any dust or dirt from the leaves. This should be done every few weeks to keep your plant looking its best.

    For maintenance, it’s important to provide your Philodendron with the right amount of light and water. Philodendrons prefer bright, indirect sunlight and should be watered regularly. Be sure to keep the soil moist but not soggy, as too much water can cause the roots to rot.

    Philodendron serpens Propagation

    Propagation is a common gardening technique used to grow new Philodendron serpens plants. If you’re interested in propagating this type of plant, then you’re in luck – we’re here to give you all the tips and advice you need!

    Philodendron serpens Propagation

    Propagation through stem cutting

    The method of propagation we will discuss here is stem cutting. This is a simple and reliable method, and it’s all you need to get your results. Here are the steps to follow:

    • Look for a leaf node on the stem of your Philodendron serpens. This is where the stem cutting needs to be made.
    • Cut a straight line just below the leaf node, using sanitized garden shears.
    • Place the stem cutting into some rooting hormone. The hormone works to speed up the healing process for the open cut and also keeps it free from infection.
    • When the cutting has sufficiently healed, place it in a small pot of soil. It should be a soil mixture you would use for mature Philodendron serpens plants.
    • Provide your cutting with the adequate light requirements and water, and in a few weeks’ time, you should notice some roots forming.

    Air Layering Propagation method

    Propagating Philodendron serpens plants using the air layering method is a great way to increase your collection without having to buy more plants. It’s a simple and relatively quick way of propagating stems from sprawling or climbing plants that are already fully grown and just needs a little bit of effort to get results.

    Select healthy stem

    When propagating with this method, you should select just one stem on an already established Philodendron serpens plant. If you have ever looked at the branches of this houseplant, the stem should be healthy, not twisted, and with leaves that are a bright hue of green.

    Sterlize tools

    Using an alcohol swab, sanitize your knife to ensure it’s germ-free. Then, making a nice, deep cut in the stem, place a thin string into it to hold it open. We recommend string because it’s stronger and won’t easily get snapped off.

    Wet sphagem moss

    Next is the fun part – soaking sphagnum moss with water and placing it in the cut. To keep it firmly in place, tape down the edges of the moss, but not too much that it would cover the moss entirely.

    Transfer delicate roots in soil

    Within a few weeks, the roots should start emerging out of the moss. When they have reached a size of 2-3 inches, you can remove the moss and delicate baby roots from the stem. Gently push them into a small pot of soil that is suitable for a Philodendron serpens plant, and you’re done! Give your new plant some TLC, and it will soon grow bigger and stronger.

    Philodendron Serpens Propagation through Seed

    • Start by soaking a few Philodendron serpens seeds in warm water for a couple of minutes. This will help ensure a successful germination, as the seeds need all the moisture they can get! Once soaked, it’s time to get your hands on that soil.
    • Take a small container and line it with a layer of well-draining soil that’s suitable for growing seeds. Then gently push the seeds into the soil layer and spray the soil so that it’s just moist. If you put too much water, the seeds won’t grow. Next, cover the tray with a plastic sheet that has tiny holes in it, to help keep the humidity level around the tray high.
    • Now, you need to keep an eye on the moisture of the soil. Periodically spray the soil, so that it stays moist. But not too much – we don’t want the soil to become soggy. In some cases, the seeds may germinate within a month. When this happens, you’ll know your propagation efforts were successful!
    • At this point, the seedlings can be carefully transplanted into small pots. Again, keep an eye on the soil moisture, as the young seedlings need moisture for their growth and development.

    Tip for non-tropical zone philodendron serpens Plant growers

    If you are a non-tropical zone philodendron plant grower, overwintering your plants in your home is a great way to keep them healthy and happy. We know the process might feel daunting, but with a few helpful tips, your plants can thrive during the chilly winter months.

    Shift indoor

    When you first bring your philodendron indoors, check for signs of decay, mold, and insects. Pruning any yellowing leaves or leggy stems before they come in the house can help to restore vigor and promote healthy growth.

    Make watering schedule

    Once inside, keep in mind that the environment is much different than it was outside. The days are shorter, the temperatures are cooler, and the amount of water you give your plants needs to be adjusted. To prevent overwatering, check in on your philodendrons every few days and see if the soil is dry to the touch on top. If it’s not, wait another day or two before watering.

    With the right combination of love and care, your tropical plants will be happy and healthy this winter. So don’t be afraid to put in a bit of extra effort to make sure your philodendrons have a happy and successful winter season. After all, we’re sure they’ll be excited to greet the springtime blooms!

    Toxicity of philodendron serpens

    Toxicity of philodendron serpens

    Philodendron plants—which can be found in many homes and gardens—are among the most common and beautiful houseplants, but unfortunately, they’re also toxic to our pets. Philodendrons contain calcium oxalate toxin, which can cause severe irritation and burning if ingested. Just one nibble from a leaf or petal could mean an unpleasant—and dangerous—visit to the vet.

    Symptoms of philodendron poisoning in pets include everything from vomiting and drooling to difficulty in swallowing and swelling of the tongue and lips. So, it’s important to keep these plants out of reach of pets and to keep an eye on curious cats and dogs who may be tempted to take a bite.


    Welcome to the wonderful world of Philodendron serpens! This amazing species of evergreen climbing plants can bring beauty and size to your home. Their growth rate is fast and they are able to reach up to one to two feet in height and their large leaves can grow up to five feet!

    Native Land

    Philodendron serpens is native to Colombia to Ecuador, growing in the Andean region between 2,296-4,929 feet (700–1500 m) above sea level. In Colombia, they are usually found in the Nariño, Valle del Cauca and Risaralda departments.

    Philodendron serpens


    The glossy green leaves of Philodendron serpens are quite large at 11.8-17.7 inches long by 5.5-7.1 inches wide. They are arrowhead-shaped and shiny on the top, with a paler color on the underside. Some specimens may even have reddish veins or undersides, creating a truly vivid visual effect.


    Philodendron serpens also have dark brown fibrous scales on their stems, which are leafy on the top of the plant. It is because of this unique combination of large, glossy leaves and dark stems that makes this species so desirable to have in your home.


    Upon maturity, Philodendron serpens will produce beautiful flowers, with a smooth and slightly wrinkled white stem, a thick and fleshy bract in the shape of a tube that is pale pink on the outside and pale purple on the inside, and a cylindrical spadix with three sections – the bottommost female section, a middle part of sterile male flowers, and the topmost part of fertile male flowers with a pale yellow-green blade. A friendly reminder that these fabulous flowers await you!

    Common Problems With philodendron serpens

    When it comes to keeping your Philodendron serpens healthy and happy, it’s important to watch out for possible pests and bacterial infections that can affect it. Although Philodendron serpens are very strong plants, they can still be susceptible to certain problems, so it’s essential to be aware of what signs to look out for and what to do when it does happen.

    Mealybugs and Thrips

    The two most common pests that attack Philodendron serpens are mealybugs and thrips. Mealybugs will stick to different parts of the plant, creating a white substance. This can be a sign that mealybugs are present and it’s best to take immediate action to eliminate them by using a strong pesticide.

    Thrips can multiply very quickly and suck the precious plant sap that Philodendron serpens needs to survive. To eradicate these pests, make a mixture of oil and water and use it to wipe down the leaves. This will kill the thrips before they damage the Philodendron serpens any further.

    Necrotic spots

    A bacterial infection can also lead to necrotic spots on the leaves of Philodendron serpens and unfortunately, most of the time the only solution is to cut off the infected leaves. Of course, it’s best to prevent this from happening in the first place by taking extra care of your Philodendron serpens and monitoring it for any signs of issues.

    philodendron serpens leaves start to turn brown or yellow

    Yellowing of the leaves

    The first thing to consider when your plant leaves start to turn brown or yellow is the water temperature. Tap water, for example, often has a colder temperature than your plant would prefer. Let your water sit for at least a day before watering your plant to allow it to come to room temperature. When watering your plant, look for water that’s neither too hot nor too cold – lukewarm is what you’re looking for.


    If your plant’s leaves are starting to get brown and mushy, this could be a sign of over-watering. Lower the frequency at which you’re watering your plants and if you’ve already been playing the waiting game, try to go even longer.

    Under water

    If your plant’s leaves are starting to curl, you may need to add more water. Brown, curling leaf edges indicate the plant needs more water and, possibly, less sun. Start off with small watering adjustments and observe the improvements in leaves.

    Root rot

    If you notice your plant’s leaves yellowing very quickly, it could be an early warning sign of root rot. To check, gently bury your fingers in the soil or unearth the plant and examine the roots. If you notice a hint of a rotting smell, or discolored or mushy roots. Cut away the black, mushy parts of the root and replanting the white or yellow portions in a clean container with new soil.

    Philodendron serpens VS Philodendron verrucosum

    Philodendron serpens x Philodendron verrucosum

    Believed to be created by an unknown hybridizer, the P. serpens x P. verrucosum is truly a sight to behold. Featuring beautiful heart-shaped leaves, a colorful palette and fuzzy (or sometimes hairy!) petioles. This species has become increasingly popular among plant lovers all over the world.

    The leaves of the P. serpens x P. verrucosum come in various shades of lush green, with the undersides often a lighter hue or tinged with red, chocolate or other colors. In addition to the unique color palette, the midribs, primary lateral and basal veins of the leaves are usually slightly paler and sunken. With care and attention, these hybrids will separate themselves from their Philodendron cousins with their remarkable color and texture.

    Eye cathing Varieties of Philodendron

    Welcome passionate plant lovers! Are you looking to add a little flair and vibrance to your indoor garden? Well, you’ve come to the right place! Today we’re discussing five incredibly beautiful species of Philodendron!

    Philodendron “Prince of Orange

    We have to start with the Philodendron “Prince of Orange.” This hybrid Philodendron is hands down one of the most popular species out there, and for good reason. Its leaves will transform into the most incredible shades of orange until the leaf matures. As it develops, the leaf then becomes a beautiful bright green.

    Philodendron Glanduliferum

    Next, we have the Philodendron Glanduliferum, which is native to Central America but is highly sought-after by plant enthusiasts. When it’s young, the leaves are unusually vibrant, displaying shades of coral and pink. Talk about a one-of-a-kind masterpiece in your home!

    Philodendron Birkin

    Thirdly, let’s introduce the Philodendron Birkin. As stylish as it may sound, this heavily veined Philodendron will make a major statement in your decor. Its pin-striped leaves are absolutely eye-catching and sure to add a bit of sophistication to any room.

    Silver Sword Philodendron

    Moving on to our fourth species, we have the Silver Sword Philodendron, or Philodendron hastatum. You can’t help but admire the beauty of this plant. The slender, pointed leaves have a slight blue tinge hence its name. And, of course, the lush green hue of its foliage makes it truly a sight to behold.

    Philodendron Xanadu

    Finally, we have the Philodendron Xanadu. If you want a show-stopper, then this Philodendron is for you! Its cascading leaves come in a luxuriant and rich green hue. It’s an eye-catching beauty that’s sure to turn some heads!

    That concludes our look at five Philodendron species! Whether you’re looking for vibrant colors, rare species, shapes and details, or simply a showstopping masterpiece, you’re sure to find the perfect Philodendron for your home within any of these species. Happy hunting, plant lovers! Happy gardening!

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    What is Philodendron Serpens plant care?

    Philodendron Serpens plant care refers to the cultivation of the Philodendron Serpens plant species. This species is characterized by having a whitish, thick, terete peduncle, a thickly and fleshy spathe (bract), and a cylindrical spadix.

    What are the key features of a Philodendron Serpens?

    When mature, the Philodendron Serpens will have an inflorescence with a whitish, thick, terete peduncle that is finely wrinkled along its length, a thickly and fleshy spathe (bract), and a cylindrical spadix. The spathe has two sections, i.e., a closed ovoid tube that is pale pink on the outside and pale purple inside and a pale yellowish-green, open boat-shaped blade. The bottommost section of the spadix is female, the middle is sterile male, and the upper fertile male.

    Can I plant Philodendron Serpens indoors?

    Yes, Philodendron Serpens can be successfully grown indoors. The key to successful indoor growth is providing the right amount of water and light. Make sure the soil is well-draining and provide humidity to the plant if needed.

    How do I care for a Philodendron Serpens?

    The Philodendron Serpens needs warm temperatures, humid conditions, and indirect sunlight. Make sure to keep their soil lightly moist at all times and fertilize during the Spring and Summer.

    Are there any diseases that can affect Philodendron Serpens?

    Yes, Philodendron Serpens plants can be affected by a variety of diseases. Such as root rot, leaf spots, and bacterial leaf spot. To avoid diseases, make sure to monitor the humidity, soil moisture, and temperature levels of the plant.

    How often should I prune a Philodendron Serpens?

    Philodendron Serpens should be pruned once or twice a year to help the plant maintain a compact shape and encourage new growth. Make sure to only trim away dead or discolored leaves and stems using clean, sharp shears.

    What type of inflorescences do Philodendron serpens plants produce?

    When mature, P. serpens will bear inflorescences with a whitish, thick, terete peduncle that is finely wrinkled along its length, a thickly and fleshy spathe (bract), and a cylindrical spadix.

    What special care is needed for Philodendron serpens plants?

    Philodendron serpens plants need plenty of fresh air and light, as well as moisture-rich soil. Keep in mind that they should be planted in chunky media where the roots can adequately breathe. Secondly, you must pay attention to fertilizing and adding extra nutrients during regular watering. Lastly, Philodendron serpens plants should be pruned and removed of dead leaves on a regular basis to keep them healthy.

    What are the features of the P. Serpens flowers?

    When mature, P. serpens will bear inflorescences with a whitish, thick, terete peduncle that is finely wrinkled along its length, a thickly and fleshy spathe (bract), and a cylindrical spadix. The spathe has two sections, i.e., a closed ovoid tube that is pale pink on the outside and pale purple inside, and a pale yellowish-green, open boat-shaped blade. The whitish spadix has three sections, i.e., the bottommost female part, middle sterile male, and upper fertile male.

    What should I do to maintain a Philodendron Serpens plant?

    Good growing conditions are key to keep a Philodendron Serpens plant healthy. Ensure the plant has access to plenty of indirect light, plenty of water (but take precaution to never let the plant sit in water), and proper fertilization. Also monitor pests, diseases, and other environmental factors to ensure the plant’s well-being.